Python Mercenaries

Lektor Tutorial - pt. 5


written by Joseph Nix on 2017-04-26

To generate pages into HTML, Lektor uses the Jinja2 templating language as well as Lektor's Template API. All templates are stored in templates/ and typically carry the .html extension. By convention, the template matches the model name. For example, the templates blog.html and page.html match the blog and page models, respectively.

This can be customized by setting a specific template for a page in the CMS. Templates can also be made to break up sections of template code and make it more flexible, by extending or including files, and by using macros. For instance, in the Quickstart state, blog-post.html extends the layout.html file, and imports code from macros/blog.html. blog-post.html includes starts out as the following:

{% extends "layout.html" %}
{% from "macros/blog.html" import render_blog_post %}
{% block title %}{{ this.title }}{% endblock %}
{% block body %}
  {{ render_blog_post(this) }}
{% endblock %}

blog-post.html extends layout.html, which is the longest template file in the Quickstart State. It is reproduced below. layout.html is not associated with a model, because it is only used by invocation through other templates. Through this way, there can be more template files needed for a project than model files, especially when you incorporate includes and macros.

<!doctype html>
<meta charset="utf-8">
<link rel="stylesheet" href="{{ '/static/style.css'|url }}">
<title>{% block title %}Welcome{% endblock %} — tutorial</title>
      <ul class="nav navbar-nav">
        <li{% if this._path == '/' %} class="active"{% endif
          %}><a href="{{ '/'|url }}">Welcome</a></li>
        {% for href, title in [
          ['/blog', 'Blog'],
          ['/projects', 'Projects'],
          ['/about', 'About']
        ] %}
          <li{% if this.is_child_of(href) %} class="active"{% endif
            %}><a href="{{ href|url }}">{{ title }}</a></li>
        {% endfor %}
  <div class="page">
    {% block body %}{% endblock %}
    &copy; Copyright 2017 by Dev.

You now have a basic exposure to Lektor! For more info please visit Get Lektor!

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